Over the past few years, we've seen smart phones evolve into the most important cameras around. At the same time, camera performance has evolved into the most important aspect of those phones. It's not about call clarity, it's about photo quality. For the everyday user, the smart phone has become the go-to camera.
Clean the lens
Photos looking a little milky? This is the biggest problem we see on smart phone cameras. Because the lens is so small, it's very easy for it to get dirty while you're using your phone for other things. You spend the whole day groping your phone, so make sure you wipe away those smeary marks before you start snapping.
Focus makes a photo. Cameras have become a lot better a focusing on the subject in the past few years, but don't just point and press the button. Take time to make sure that what you want to take a picture of is in focus.
Many smart phones also offer touch focusing. Just touch what you want in focus on the display and often that will just click into place. If it doesn't focus, you might be too close, especially if it's something small. Try moving back a bit.
Think about what you're looking at and what your picture is trying to show. You can very easily change the shape your photo afterwards, but if it's full of distracting background elements or it's not clear what you're taking a photo of then it's never going to look great. Stop and think about the photo you actually want to show people and what you want them to feel when they look at it.
Photographers often use the rule of thirds to get the subject into an ideal position. Imagine the scene with a ticktacktoe grid over the top. The important things should be aligned along those lines, or at the intersection of those lines, for the greatest impact. It's simple and it works.
There are other easy tricks, like using edges like fences or paths to draw the viewer into the image and give a greater sense of depth and scale - and pay attention to the horizon - is your photo level?
Watch the sun
Sunny conditions are great for taking beautiful pictures with rich blue skies and luscious greens, but think about where the sun is when you pull out your phone. Shoot too close to the sun - e.g., pointing towards it - and you might find that a giant lens flare dominates the scene or that subjects are massacred by blown highlights with no detail in those areas.
If that's happening, try using your hand to shade the lens, making sure it's not in shot, and you can get a great result. When photographing people, watch where those shadows fall and think about the best side from which to take a shot - you don't want a silhouette in front of a beautiful background because you didn't consider that the sun was behind them, for example - but staring into the sun for a portrait is dazzling for the subject too.
But the sun can also present a lot of opportunities and using a low sun to create a silhouettes and long shadows is a great way to get something slightly different. In the image above, it's not only shooting into the sun, but it's also using portrait mode to create some unusual results.
Consider the flash
The flash on your phone isn't great and in many cases you'll get much better results without using the flash on the back. With increasing performance in low light conditions, turning off the flash can be the best thing you do. Shooting at a concert in dark conditions? The flash isn't going to reach the stage anyway, so turn it off. At a zoo shooting through glass? You're not only taking a bad photo, but you're scaring the animals.
Don't scare the animals.
But flashes can be useful. The rear flash can be most effective when you're shooting in daylight and the subject is in shadow - it can give some great portrait results. The front flash can often help you get a selfie in dark conditions where you'd otherwise get nothing at all. So while we'd say that 90 per cent of the time you're better off without it - remember it's still there.
Keep it steady
This is as true to smart phones as it is to any camera. Keeping it steady will give you much better photos. Don't snatch at the button, hold things steady and take your time. While many phones now offer optical image stabilization and AI correction for handshake, being stable is often the best thing you can do.
That might just be from supporting the phone better - using two hands rather than one - it might be that you need to slow down rather than rush that photo or it might be that you need to support your phone on something solid, like a table or wall.
Use night mode
Night mode is the biggest shift in smart phone photography to have arrived in the past 5 years. You'll only have this option if you have a recent phone, but the latest Google phones, iPhones, Huawei, Samsung and others all have some sort of night option. If it's night, use it.
Night mode importantly gives the phone an idea of what result you're actually looking for and deploys a lot of technology to clean up, correct and come up with a photo that's worth sharing and cherishing. Most night modes will let you shoot scenes handheld that were impossible on a smart phone just a few years ago - while some will, with more support, give you longer exposures for even better results. On the iPhone night mode will automatically turn on in the right conditions, on some other phones you might need to select it.